AJRTC Vol 2 May 1997

African Journal of Root and Tuber Crops
Volume 2 No 1&2: 1-278. May 1997. ISSN 1118-2075
No Title Authors Pages Crop
1 Opening remarks Prof J.K. Mukiibi 4
2 The cassava biotechnology network: an integral part of the special programme’s approach to reduce small farmers constraint R. van den Bos 4-6 Cassava
3 CBN: Realizing biotechnology’s potential for cassava-growing regions A.M. Thro 7 Cassava
4 Contribution of biotechnology to cassava development in Africa Her excellency Dr. S.W. Kazibwe 8-9 Cassava
5 Cassava in Africa F.I. Nweke & J.K. Lynam 10-13 Cassava
6 African cassava mosaic virus disease: the magnitude of the problem J.M. Thresh, G.W. Otim-Nape, J.P. Legg & D. Fargette 13-19 Cassava
7 Properties, differentiation and geographical distribution of geminiviruses that cause cassava mosaic disease B.D. Harrison, Y.L. Liu, X. Zhou, D.J. Robinson, L. Calvert, C.Munoz & G.W. Otim-Nape 19-22 Cassava
8 Presence of a new virus closely related to East African cassava mosaic geminivirus, associated with cassava mosaic outbreak in Uganda D. Deng, W.G. Otim-Nape, A. Sangare, S. Ogwal, R.N. Beachy & C.M. Fauquet 23-28 Cassava
9 Genetic relationships among cassava clones with varying levels of resistance to African mosaic disease using RAPD markers Hodeba Douwehan Mignouna and Alfred Gilbert Olonju Dixon 28-32 Cassava
10 Implementation in Africa of serological diagnostic test for cassava mosaic geminiviruses F.O. Ogbe, G. Thottappilly & F.M. Quin 33-36 Cassava
11 Breeding for resistance to mosaic disease in Uganda G.N. Ssemakula, Y.K. Baguma, G.W. Otim-Nape, A. Bua & S. Ogwal 36-42 Cassava
12 Epidemic of severe cassava mosaic disease in Uganda and efforts to control it Otim-Nape G.W., A. Bua, Y. Baguma & J.M. Thresh 42-43 Cassava
13 Effect of African cassava mosaic disease on growth and yield components of virus-tested cassava genotypes derived from meristem culture in early and late planting periods in three agroecologies of Nigeria A.O. Akano, G.I. Atiri, S.Y.C. Ng & R. Asiedu 44-48 Cassava
14 Effect of African cassava mosaic disease on the yield of cassava derived from cuttings from tissue culture plants in two agroecological zones in Nigeria A.O. Akano, R. Asiedu & S.Y.C. Ng 48 Cassava
15 A new isolate of African cassava mosaic virus in South Africa L.C. Berrie, K. Palmer, E.P Rybicki, S.H. Hiyadat, D.P. Maxwell & M.E.C Rey 49-52 Cassava
16 Développement des cultivars assainis de manioc J. Mabanza, G. Tonnang et J. Mahouka 52-54 Cassava
17 Use of monoclonal and recombinant antibodies to detect cell-wall polysaccharides in cassava M.N.V. Williams, M.G. Hahn, A.G. Darvill, & P. Albersheim 54 Cassava  
18 Screening for and basis of resistance to cassava bacterial blight (Xanthomonas campestris pv. Manihotis) R.M. Copper, R. Day, R. Burgin, B. Rodgers-Gray, J. Flood, R. Mepsted, G.G. Henshaw, N. Taylor, R. Gomez-Vasquez & J.R. Beeching 54-55 Cassava
19 Heritability estimates for a ACMD resistance for some newly developed cassava clones in Nigeria R.E.C. Mba & A.G.O. Dixon 56-58 Cassava
20 A system to screen and select for resistance to Fusarium solani W. Msikita, J.S. Yaninek, M. Fioklou, H. Baimey, M. Ahounou & R. Fagbemissi 59-61
21 Cassava bacterial blight in South America: pathogenic and geneticharacterization of the causal agent and its application to screening methods S. Restrepo, V. Verdier, G. Mosquera, A. Gerstl, R. Laberry, T. Valle & E. Alvarez 61-63 Cassava
22 Cassava bacterial blight: recent achivements in understanding the disease V. Verdier, S. Restrepo, B. Boher, M. Nicole, J.P. Geiger, E. Alvarez & M. Bonierbale 64-68 Cassava
23 Integrated technology for the treatment and management of cyanoglucosides in cassava starch and sago factory waste waters C. Balagopalan & P. Sundar 69-73 Cassava
24 Genotypic and tissue differences in biosynthetic activity for linamarin production in cassava Y. Chukwumah, S.Y.C. Ng and M. Bokanga 73-76 Cassava
25 Recent advances in molecular and biochemical studies of cyanogenesis in cassava: complexity of the cassava genome M. Hughes, J. Hughes, K. Brown & S. Liddle 77-81 Cassava
26 Reason for use of bitter cassava in southern Tanzania R. Kapinga, N. Mlingi & H. Rosling 81-84 Cassava
27 The biosynthesis of cyanogenic glucosides is catalyzed by two membrane-bound multifunctional cytochrome P450’s and a soluble UDPG- glucosyltransferase Moller B.L., Soren Bak, Rachel A. Kahn, Fahrendorf T. & Barbara Ann Halkier 84-85
28 Partial characterization of the linamarin-synthesizing enzyme complex from cassava J.M. Mcmahon & R.T. Sayre 85-87 Cassava
29 Variation of cassava cyanogenic potential in different agro-ecologies J. Mkumbira, N.M. Mahungu & S.K. Salipira 88-90 Cassava
30 Comparison of three cyanogen assays for total cyanogens in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) J.D.K. Saka, A.R.K. Mhone & L. Brimer 90-94 Cassava
31 Use of highly cyanogenic cassava cultivars (Manihot esculenta) in the production of biodegradable pesticides F.L.C. Jackson, J. Dubow, D. Foster, and J. Denkevitz 94-95 Cassava
32 Isolation of a cDNA clone of the hydroxynitrile Iyase gene from cassava and its expression in different organs White W.L.B. & R.T. Sayre 95 Cassava
33 Reasons for use of “bitter” and toxic cassava in Malawi Linley Chiwona-Karltun, Ngoma J., Mahungu N.M., Saka J., Tylleskar T. & Rosling H. 95-96 Cassava
34 High cassava consumption without cyanide exposure in Kinshasa, Zaire Rosling H., Banea M., Bikangi N. & Tylleskar T. 96 Cassava
35 Amélioration qualitative des produits du manioc: conservation de la pâte égouttée, pétrie et précuite E. Avouampo 97-99 Cassava
36 Physiological deterioration: towards a molecular understanding J.R. Beeching, Y. Han & R.M. Cooper 99-105
37 Applications de la biotechnologie dans l”industrie de transformation du manioc: Panorama actuel et perspectives Gerard Chuzel 105-110 Cassava
38 Application of microbial starter cultures for new and traditional cassava products A.J.A. Essers & M.J.R. Nout 110-113 Cassava
39 Enhancement of cassava fermentation: Tanzanian village experience E.M. Urio & N.L.V. Mlingi 113-116 Cassava
40 Developmental regulation of cassava granule bound starch synthase ll T.R.I. Munyikwa, E. Jacobsen & R.G.F. Visser 116-120 Cassava
41 The effects of pre-harvest pruning of cassava upon post-harvest deterioration potential, scopoletin and dry matter contents G.M. O’Brien, Q. van Oirschot, O. Orozco, A.L. Chaves & J. Mayer 120-123 Cassava
42 PCR amplification, cloning and expression of a phenylalanine ammonia-Iyase gene in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) L.F. Pereira, A. Agyare-Tabbi & L. Erickson 123-127 Cassava
43 Enhanced traditional biotechnology for cassava development M. Bokanga 127 Cassava
44 Behaviour of starch suspensions from different cassava varieties subjected to thermal treatment and lactic fermentation V. Pedroarias, A. Kafka, C. Rovedo, S.V. de Fabrizio, C. Suarez, G. Chuzel 128-129 Cassava
45 Enhancing the nutritive value of cassava crop residues and by-products for livestock feeding through microbial degradation O.O.Tewe 129-131 Cassava
46 Application of molecular markers to describe South African elite cassava cultivars S. Laminski, E.R. Robinson & V.M. Gray 132-134 Cassava
47 Isolation and characterization of repetitive and microsatelite DNA sequences in cassava A. Agyare-Tabbi, L.F Pereira & L.R. Erickson 135-138 Cassava
48 Application of molecular markers to genetic mapping and germplasm characterization in cassava M.W. Boniebale, M.M. Maya, E. Barrera, M. Fregene, V. Verdier, J. Bedoya and A.C Roa 138-139 Cassava
49 Assessment of genetic diversity in Manihot species with AFLPs Merideth Bonierbale, Ana C. Roa, Maria M. Maya, Myriam C. Duque and Joe Thome 139 Cassava
50 Molecular marker(AFLP)-based Manihot and cassava numerical taxonomy and genetic structure analysis in progress: implications for their dynamic conservation and genetic mapping G. Second, A.C. Allem, R.A Mendes, L.J.C.B Carvalho, L. Emperaire, C. Ingram & C. Colombo 140-147 Cassava
51 Phylogenetic relationships and genetic diversity in Manihot species B. Schaal, L.J.C.B. Carvalho, T.Prinzie, K. Olsen, M. Hernandez, G. Cabral, & D. Møeller 147-149 Cassava
52 A molecular genetic map of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) M. Fregene, F. Angel, R. Gomez, F. Rodriguez, P. Chavarriaga, M. Bonierbale, W. Roca, and J. Tohme 150-151 Cassava
53 Screening for embryogenic competence in some cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) cultivars in Ghana K.E. Danso & R.K.A Ahiabu 152-154 Cassava
54 Friable embryogenic callus formation from thin cell layer explants of cassava J. Groll, V.M. Gray & D.J. Mycock 154-158 Cassava
55 Analysis of a cassava root specific β-glycosidase promoter S. Liddle, J. Hughes & M.A Hughes 158-132 Cassava
56 Transformation and gene expression in cassava via tissue electroporation and particle bombardment H.T. Luong, P.R. Shewry & P.A. Lazzeri 163-167 Cassava
57 Identification and characterization of tuber-specific clones in cassava K.L. Marello, P.R. Shewry & J.R. Beeching 167-169 Cassava
58 Transformation and culture of cassava protoplasts S.L. McDonnell & V.M. Gray 169-172 Cassava
59 Searching for root specific promoters in cassava S. Bohl, I. Potrykus & J. Puonti-Kaerlas 172-175 Cassava  
60 Development of meristem gene transfer techniques for cassava J. Puonti-Kaerlas, P. Frey and I. Potrykus 175-180 Cassava
61 Production of transgenic cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) via organogenesis and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation J. Puonti-Kaerlas, H.-Q. Li, C. Sautter & I. Potrykus 181-186 Cassava
62 Stable transformation of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) by particle bombardment and by Agrobacterium C. Schöpke, N. Taylor, R. Cárcamo, A.E. González de Schöpke, N.K. Konan, P. Marmey, G.G. Henshaw, R.N. Beachy & C. Fauquent 187-193 Cassava
63 Plant regeneration from transgenic and non-transgenic embryogenic suspension cultures of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) C. Schöpke, R. Cárcamo, R.N. Beachy & C. Fauquent 194-195 Cassava
64 Optimization of chemical selection of transgenic friable embryogenic callus of cassava using the luciferase reporter gene system S.C.H.J. Snepvangers, C.J.J.M. Raemakers, E. Jacobsen & R.G.F. Visser 196-200 Cassava
65 Improved procedures for producing embryogenic tissues of African cassava cultivars: Implications for genetic transformation N.J. Taylor, R.J. Kiernan, G.G. Henshaw & D. Blakesley 200-204 Cassava
66 The cassava vein mosaic virus promoter: A new promoter for cassava genetic engineering B. Vendaguer, K. Konan, A. de Kochko, R.N. Beachy & C. Faquent 204-208 Cassava
67 In vitro cassava research capability at the Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute (BNARI) – Ghana: potentials and constraints R.K.A. Ahiabu, K.E. Danso, G.Y. P. Klu, P. Bieler & W. Msikita 209-212 Cassava
68 In vitro propagation of six Zambian clones of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) W.K. Chishimba* & E.S. Lingumbwanga 212-214 Cassava
69 Cryoperservation of cassava shoot tips through rapid freezing R.H. Escobar and W.M. Roca 214-215 Cassava
70 Improvement of plant regeneration from cyclic somatic embryos of cassava (Manihot esculentaCrantz) Zhu, Ji; Huang, Yuwen & Liang, Chengyi 215 Cassava
71 Cassava acclimatization in Mozambique M.A.B. Jorge 216-219 Cassava
72 Rapid multiplication of selected cassava genotypes in Kenya E.M. Kanguha & A. Maliu 220-221 Cassava
73 An efficient mass propagation system for cassava utilizing nodal explants and auxiliary bud-derived meristems N.K. Konan, C. Schöpke, R. Cárcamo, R.N. Beachy & C. Fauquet 222-226 Cassava
74 In vitro culture of Manihot glaziovii Muel. Arg. Zygotic embryos R.A. Mendes, M. de-Goes, J. B. Teixeira & M. Pasqual 226-227
75 Responses of cassava to polyethylene glycol mediated osmotic stress in vitro S.Y.C. Ng & I.J. Ekanayake 228-231 Cassava
76 Cassava in vitro germplasm management at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture S.Y.C. Ng & N. Q. Ng 232-234 Cassava
77 Gestion d’une banque de genes de manioc: experience au Congo F.R. Otabo, J.C. Moussouami et J. Mabanza 234-238 Cassava
78 Regeneration of plants from somatic embryos and friable embryogenic callus of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) C.J.J.M. Raemakers, M.G.M. Rozenboom, K. Danso, E. Jacobsen & R.G.F. Visser 238-242 Cassava
79 Tissue culture cassava: a South African perspective B.R. Woodward, J. Allemann & B.P. O’Regan 243-245 Cassava
80 UNESCO/BAC Training Programme in plant biotechnology at Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute B.R. Woodward and J.A. Brink 245 Vegetable
81 Studies on induction of somatic embryogenesis and shoot organogenesis in cassava at the South China Institute of Botany Ma, Guo-Hau; Xu, Quishen; Xian, Yunlan; & Guo, Jun-Yan 246 Cassava
82 Role of somatic embryogenesis and organogenesis in breeding cold tolerant cassava Li, HQ; Ma, GH; Zhu, J & Guo, JY 246-247 Cassava
83 Selection of cassava varieties by farmers in the Lake Zone of Tanzania R. Kapinga, B. de Steenhuijsen-Piters, S. Kajiru, D. Shwagara, C. Rugutu & N. Mahungu 248-253 Cassava
84 Transfer and adaptation of Colombian sour starch technology to Uatappy cassava producer processors in Manabi, Ecuador H. Caballero Vera, J. Villafuerte & S.V. Poats 253-257 Cassava
85 Cassava technology transfer: Lessons from Cameroon and Nigeria M.O. Akoroda 257-260 Cassava
86 Contributions of biotechnology to cassava for Africa: Scientific highlights G. Kochert 261-262 Cassava
87 Observations on CBN lll and implications for development of biotechnology in Africa J.M. Gopo 262-263
88 Plant biotechnology: advanced training opportunity in Germany and appilication of techniques in Technical Cooperation Programmes K.H. Wolpers 263-264 Plant
89 Closing speech J. Wagonda-Muguli 270